The nineteenth century has been a process for spiritualists who used their physiological bodies to communicate with spirits. Spiritualists have combined photography with physiology and used technology as “mediums” to prove the visibility of spirits. Nevertheless, the nineteenth century has been also the exploitability of productions as much as their benefits. Spiritualists and spirit photographers have been denounced as impostors. However, spirit photography has endeavored to prove that a reality existed beyond the visible, and the visibility of spirits endorsed the spiritual narratives by invigorating the ties between mediumship and photography. This article will document the arguments of the spiritualists, defenders and debunkers of the nineteenth century and portray their contribution to mediumship.
Keywords: Spiritualism, The nineteenth century, photography, spirit photography, technology.
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