For Authors

Manuscript submission

All manuscripts must conform to the language and writing style of the Viraverita E-journal. Authors should submit their manuscript to the Viraverita E-journal via the online Editorial Manager system by logging on and uploading all manuscript files following the instructions are given.

Papers have to be edited by writer concordantly with the writing and citing rules which are present below. ViraVerita E-Journal is a blind peer-reviewed journal. Therefore, papers must not include any information about writer (title, institution, phone number, e-mail address etc.) except cover file. MS Word users must also delete all information about writer from the “properties” section of Word file (“Properties” section can be reached from MS Word “file” tab). 
Papers, submitted to ViraVerita E-Journal should not have been published elsewhere. The copyrights of published papers belong to ViraVerita E-Journal and no royalty is paid to writers. Permission must be obtained from ViraVerita E-Journal to publish an already published paper elsewhere but it can be quoted by giving a reference. The responsibility for the opinions and statements in published articles in ViraVerita E-Journal belongs to their writers. 

The length of manuscripts should be between 3000-8000 words. An abstract composed of 100-250 words should be prepared; there should be key words from five to ten below the abstract. Abstracts, keys words and titles should be in Turkish or in one of the western languages. The publication language of ViraVerita E-Journal is Turkish; however, the editorial board may also decide to publish papers which were written in other languages.     

The manuscripts that pass evaluation of the editorial board are sent to two referees. The manuscript is submitted to a third referee, if it is needed, subsequent to the received reports from the previous referees. Received reports from referees are transmitted to writers as soon as possible. In case referees demand some revisions, writers have 1 month to revise their papers, or they can withdraw their papers. Rejected manuscripts will not be sent back to writers. Click for the form of referee report.   

Each issue will contain some off-topic but original articles from every field of social sciences as well as the articles concerning the themes having been previously announced on the website. We would like to point out that we took great care in providing feedback without any loss of time and so in not procrastinating you. Please do not hesitate to address your questions to [email protected].

Writing Rules
1. Manuscripts should be written in MS Word format, Calibri typeface and 1, 5 line spacing. Type size should be 12 in the main text and 10 in the other parts (endnote, abstract, bibliography, table etc.). The endnote number and inverted comma should follow punctuation marks. Titles should be minuscule except their first letters and not be enumerated. Paragraph spacing should not be distinct from line spacing.  

2. Titles should be utmost quaternary levels. These titles should be written in accordance their levels as follows: 
First Level Sub-title: Xxxxxxxx Xxxxx (First capital and bold)
Second Level Sub-title: Xxxxxx Xxxxxx (First capital and italics)
Third Level Sub-title: i) Xxxxxx (Begins with the signs of i, ii, iii etc.)
Fourth Level Sub-title: -Xxxxxx (Begins with hyphen)

Sub-titles should be written in 12-type size and next to left. First paragraphs following titles should also be next to left. There should be two-line spacing before titles and one-line spacing between title and paragraph.

About In-Text Citation

In APA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information. Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the reference list at the end of the paper.

  • In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a comma and the publication year enclosed in parentheses: (Smith, 2007).
  • If you are quoting directly the page number should be included, if given. If you are paraphrasing the page number is not required.
  • If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the title, such as italics: (Naturopathic, 2007).

Signal Phrase

If you refer to the author's name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text citation, instead include the date after the name and the page number (if there is one) at the end of the quotation or paraphrased section. For example:

Hunt (2011) explains that mother-infant attachment has been a leading topic of developmental research since John Bowlby found that "children raised in institutions were deficient in emotional and personality development" (p. 358).

Two or more works by the same author with the same year of publication

When you are citing two different sources that share the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters after the year of publication (a, b, c, etc.). Assign these letters according to which title comes first alphabetically. Use these letters in both in-text citations and the Reference list.

Example In-Text:

Paraphrasing content from first source by this author (Daristotle, 2015a). "Now I am quoting from the second source by the same author" (Daristotle, 2015b, p. 50).

Example Reference List entries:

Daristotle, J. (2015a). Name of book used as first source. Toronto, ON: Fancy Publisher.

Daristotle, J. (2015b). Title of book used as second source. Toronto, ON: Very Fancy Publisher.

Cite a work quoted in another source

Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. (This may be called a secondary source.) For example, the Kirkey article you are reading includes a quotation by Smith that you would like to include in your essay.

The basic rule is that in both your References list and in-text citation you will still cite Kirkey. Kirkey will appear in your References list – not Smith. You will add the words “as cited in” to your in-text citation.

Examples of in-text citations:

According to a study by Smith (as cited in Kirkey, 2013) 42% of doctors would refuse to perform legal euthanasia. Smith (as cited in Kirkey, 2013) states that “even if euthanasia was legal, 42% of doctors would be against this method of assisted dying” (p. 34).

Cite more than one source in one in-text citation

If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semi-colon. List the sources alphabetically by author's last name or first word used from the title if no author is given, in the same order they would appear on the References List, e.g.:

(Bennett, 2015; Smith, 2014). 


Quoting and Paraphrasing

There are two ways to integrate others' research into your assignment: you can paraphrase or you can quote.

Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote. You must reword the passage, expressing the ideas in your own words, and not just change a few words here and there. Make sure to also include an in-text citation.

Quoting is copying a selection from someone else's work, phrasing it exactly it was originally written. When quoting place quotation marks (" ") around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends. Make sure to include an in-text citation.

In-Text Citation For Two or More Authors/Editors

Number of Authors/Editors First Time Paraphrased Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased First Time Quoting Second and Subsequent Times Quoting

(Case & Daristotle, 2011)

(Case & Daristotle, 2011)

(Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57) (Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57)
Three to Five (Case, Daristotle, Hayek, Smith, & Raash, 2011) (Case et al., 2011) (Case, Daristotle, Hayekm, Smith, & Raash, 2011, p. 57) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57)
Six or More

(Case et al., 2011)

(Case et al., 2011) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57)

(Source for above information:


Open Access

Inerntional Journal of Renewable Energy Development (IJRED) publishes fully open access journals, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication. Non-commercial use and distribution in any medium is permitted, provided the author and the journal are properly credited.

Benefits of open access for authors, include:

  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Authors retain copyright to their work
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No spatial constraints
All rights of the articles published on this website belongs to An article cannot be copied or published as a whole without permission even if the source is shown. But the quoted article can be used by giving an active link. The responsibility of the published articles belongs to the authors.
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